On July 30, 2019, the FDA approved darolutamide (Nubeqa; Bayer HealthCare), an oral androgen receptor inhibitor, for the treatment of patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This approval was based on a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial known as ARAMIS. The FDA granted this application priority review.
On August 2, 2019, the FDA approved pexidartinib (Turalio; Daiichi Sankyo) capsules, a kinase inhibitor, for adults with symptomatic tenosynovial giant-cell tumor (TGCT), which is associated with severe morbidity or functional limitations, who are not candidates for surgery. Pexidartinib is the first systemic therapy approved for patients with TGCT. The FDA granted pexidartinib a priority review and breakthrough therapy and orphan drug designations.
Rozlytrek Third FDA-Approved Tumor-Agnostic Drug and Second Treatment for Patients with NTRK Fusion Tumors
On August 15, 2019, the FDA accelerated the approval of entrectinib (Rozlytrek; Genentech), an oral kinase inhibitor, for the treatment of adults and adolescents whose cancer involves neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase (NTRK) gene fusion that has no effective treatments. The FDA granted entrectinib a priority review and breakthrough therapy and orphan drug designations. This is the third cancer drug approved by the FDA based on a common biomarker and the second drug for patients with NTRK gene fusion.
- Zejula Now Approved for Late-Line Ovarian Cancer
- Trump Set to Nominate Hahn as FDA Commissioner
- FDA Aims to Improve Breast Implant Guidance
Vincristine, Racial Disparities in Multiple Myeloma, and HER2 Metastatic Breast Cancer Are in the News
The past week in oncology-related news includes shortages of crucial pediatric cancer drug, results of a study of racial disparities in multiple myeloma, and new drug on the horizon for HER2 metastatic breast cancer.
FDA issues finalized guidelines for use of in vitro diagnostics in oncology drug trials and warnings on vaping; new findings report patients bear more costs when MBC treatment is not concordant with NCCN guidelines.
Darzalex Combination Receives Approval for First-Line Treatment of Patients with Multiple Myeloma Eligible for Transplant
On September 26, 2019, the FDA approved daratumumab (Darzalex; Janssen) in combination with bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone for the treatment of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma who are eligible for autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT). The FDA granted this application priority review.
This section provides a brief overview of new cancer drugs or new indications approved by the FDA between June 10 and July 3, 2019.
Lung cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed malignancy in both men and women (following prostate and breast cancer, respectively), and the leading cause of cancer deaths overall. Non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type, with the more aggressive small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) making up approximately 10% to 15% of cases.
First Chemoimmunotherapy Regimen Granted Accelerated Approval for Patients with Previously Treated DLBCL
On June 10, 2019, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the novel antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin-piiq (Polivy; Genentech) in combination with bendamustine plus rituximab for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) that has progressed or returned after at least 2 previous therapies. This is the first chemoimmunotherapy regimen approved for use in patients with DLBCL who are ineligible for hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.