Final results from the pivotal phase 3 KEYNOTE-355 trial showed that the addition of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to chemotherapy resulted in a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival (OS) compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) whose tumors expressed PD-L1 with a combined positive score (CPS) ≥10.
Second-line therapy with trastuzumab deruxtecan (Enhertu; T-DXd) extended progression-free survival (PFS) and improved objective response rate (ORR) versus trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla; T-DM1) in women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, including those with stable brain metastasis at baseline, according to a subgroup analysis of a phase 3 clinical trial.
Dr Matthew Goetz addresses common questions that arise when patients with HER+ metastatic breast cancer have progressed on a CDK4/6 inhibitor plus an aromatase inhibitor.
Dr Matthew Goetz believes that, as more mature data come into existence, the demonstration of a survival advantage will guide more patients with metastatic breast cancer to try CDK4/6 inhibitors plus aromatase inhibitors instead of chemotherapy.
Dr Matthew Goetz explains the rationale for using CDK4/6 inhibitors in patients with HR-positive metastatic breast cancer.
The new oral selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) elacestrant demonstrates potent antitumor activity in in vitro models, with additive effects to CDK4/6 inhibitors.
CDK6 may be a useful biomarker in patients with estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer who develop acquired resistance to CDK4/6 inhibitors, and inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway may be a reasonable therapeutic approach for these patients.
An underlying mechanism of combined endocrine therapy and CDK4/6 inhibitor resistance in hormone receptor–positive breast cancer is senescent escape, and 2 novel therapeutic strategies have been identified for this disease, including MDM2 inhibition and CDK2 activation.
Although there are currently no biomarkers to guide the use of CDK4/6 inhibitors for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, markers of mismatch repair dysregulation could identify patients in whom CDK4/6 inhibition may prevent disease recurrence most effectively.
The phase 1b trial of the insulin-like growth factor ligand-neutralizing antibody xentuzumab and the CDK4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib, plus endocrine therapy, is designed to evaluate safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic hormone receptor (HR)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer.
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