Stay Up to Date
Breaking News,
Updates, & More
Click Here to
Subscribe

Less May Be “More” With Zoledronic Acid

TOP - October 2014, Vol 7, No 4 - Breast Cancer

In breast cancer patients with bone metastasis, less frequent infusion of zoledronic acid was as effective as the standard monthly dose, the randomized OPTIMIZE-2 study showed.

“We found that less frequent treatment may reduce the risk of serious side effects, with the additional benefits of reduced inconvenience to the patient and less cost,” said Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, MD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2014 annual meeting.

Zoledronic acid 4 mg given every 3 months was as effective as infusions given every 3 to 4 weeks, which is the schedule approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

OPTIMIZE-2 compared the schedules in 403 women with breast cancer and bone metastases who had received at least 9 doses of an intravenous bisphosphonate (either zoledronic acid or pamidronate) before enrolling in the study.

The rate of skeletal-related events was 22% in the monthly group and 23.2% in the every-12-week group, indicating that less frequent dosing is not inferior. Other efficacy measures, such as time to first skeletal-related event and change from baseline in bone turnover markers, were also similar between the arms, and safety profiles were similar as well.

ASCO press briefing moderator Patricia Ganz, MD, a supportive care specialist from the University of California Los Angeles, commented, “It’s not necessary for women to come in every 4 weeks.”

The data are important because there are no evidence-based guidelines for the optimal treatment schedule after 1 year of treatment.

Importantly, less frequent dosing seemed to ameliorate some of the safety concerns for bisphosphonates as a class. Like all agents in the class, “zoledronic acid has some safety concerns,” said Hortobagyi, indicating osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), long-bone fractures (ie, atypical femoral fractures), and chronic kidney function impairment.

The less frequent dosing in this study was associated with fewer cases of ONJ (0 vs 2) and lower rates of renal impairment (7.9% vs 9.6%) compared with monthly dosing. No patients experienced long-bone fractures.

Since the study size was, in Hortobagyi’s terms, “relatively modest” and there were some “design limitations,” he said the findings should be “interpreted with caution.”

Reference
Hortobagyi GN, Lipton A, Chew HK, et al. Efficacy and safety of continued zoledronic acid every 4 weeks versus every 12 weeks in women with bone metastases from breast cancer: results of the OPTIMIZE-2 trial. Presented at: 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology; May 30-June 3, 2014; Chicago, IL. Abstract LBA9500.

Related Items
Factors Associated with Greater Risk for Abemaciclib Discontinuation in Patients with Early-Stage Breast Cancer
William King
TOP - November 2022 Vol 15, No 6 published on November 9, 2022 in Breast Cancer
Radiation Therapy May Be Omitted for Some Older Women with Luminal A Breast Cancer
Patricia Stewart
TOP - November 2022 Vol 15, No 6 published on November 9, 2022 in Breast Cancer
Trastuzumab Deruxtecan Represents New Standard of Care for Patients with HER2-Low Metastatic Breast Cancer
William King
TOP - September 2022 Vol 15, No 5 published on September 15, 2022 in Breast Cancer
Olaparib Extends Disease-Free Survival in Patients with Early-Stage Breast Cancer and BRCA Mutation
William King
TOP - November 2021 Vol 14, No 7 published on November 10, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Tucatinib plus Trastuzumab and Capecitabine Triplet Maintains Survival Benefit in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Updated Results from HER2CLIMB Trial
Charlie Dawson
TOP - September 2021 Vol 14, No 5 published on September 7, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Cryoablation Appears Safe and Effective in Low-Risk, Early-Stage Breast Cancer
William Ackerman
TOP - July 2021 Vol 14, No 4 published on July 20, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Pembrolizumab plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic TNBC
Patricia Stewart
TOP - May 2021 Vol 14, No 3 published on May 14, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Abemaciclib plus Endocrine Therapy Offers Invasive Disease–Free Survival Benefit in Patients with High-Risk, HR-Positive, Early-Stage Breast Cancer
Patricia Stewart
TOP - May 2021 Vol 14, No 3 published on May 14, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer Year in Review Introduction
2020 Year in Review - Breast Cancer published on January 24, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Retrospective Analysis Provides Insight into Treatment-Emergent Neutropenia Among Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer Treated with Ribociclib or Palbociclib
2020 Year in Review - Breast Cancer published on January 24, 2021 in Breast Cancer
Last modified: July 22, 2021